POOR FUEL CLOGS FUEL SYSTEMS! Here’s why and how to clean them!

gasoline engine

A vehicle`s fuel system is made up of the fuel tank, lines, pumps, and filters. A clogged fuel system can result in major damages to you vehicle like poor performance, hard starts or engine malfunction. A fuel system is a critical tool for the storage and the delivering of diesel or gasoline fuel, your engine needs to function well. To be more exact and practical, it represents a vascular system. The fuel pump representing the heart, the fuel lines the veins and the filters the kidneys.

Let us discuss each one of them.

Fuel tank – It is a holding tank for fuel. It is where the gas travels to after it has passed through the filter tube. It contains a gas gauge so that the driver can know exactly how much fuel is in the tank. Further advancements in its mechanism have been made to prevent vapors leaking into the air.

Fuel pump – The most recent cars contain theirs on the fuel tank while the older ones have theirs either attached to the engines or on the frame rail between the tank and the engine. Fuel pumps on engines use the motion of the engine to pump fuel.

Fuel filter – It ensures clean fuel reaches the engine. This is owing to the fact that carburetors and fuel injectors are easily clogged. Commonly made of a paper element but can also be a synthetic material or stainless steel.

Fuel injectors – It is a tiny electric valve that opens and closes with an electric signal. They are located towards the outer part of the intake. The fuel is then injected close to the cylinder head so that the fuel can remain atomized. This way it will burn better when fired by the spark plug.

Common problem facing vehicle fuel system – The most notorious one is the clogging of the filter. The signs of a clogged fuel filter include sputtering at high speeds, the vehicle not starting at all. The engine misfire (this happens when there is a poor mixture of air and fuel causing an incomplete combustion. This results in an immediate power loss and a noticeable sound from the engine), failing emissions tests (this is caused by the drop in fuel combustion resulting in more emissions). Also increased fuel consumption (this is caused by the ability of the engine fails to burn the fuel efficiently thus, more fuel is required to attain the required performance). Engine stutter, stumbling or hesitation (this is a case whereby the combustion inside the cylinders is impeded due to improper fuel/air mixture) and engine stalling ( caused by unequal supply of fuel during idling resulting to RPM to fall too low.

Fuel cleaning system – The fuel system being interlinked, their getting clogged at once is inevitable. The can get clogged with debris or dirt. One of the cleaning systems is the fuel injector cleaner, since this is a tiresome job that if not done well can increase the damage already made, I recommend you take it to a qualified firm, say Firestone Complete Auto Care fuel system. They give an eight-step guide to exactly what they do to your vehicle once you have brought it for fuel system cleaning.

Here’s the 8 steps:

1.       They clean the fuel system by starting with the gas tank. They add premium formula to the fuel system cleaner.

2.       Carburetor cleaning or fuel injector cleaning, intake valves and combustion chambers with a fuel system cleaner.

3.       They then use fuel system cleaners to purge the water from the fuel system.

4.       Lubricate the injectors, cylinders, valves and rings.

5.       They then remove the carbon, dirt, varnish and other deposits from the throttle body and the throttle plate.

6.       They then lubricate the throttle body and throttle moving parts with corrosion preventers to inhibit future deposit build up and scoring.

7.       They then dissolve deposits from the engines’ intake manifold and runners, combustion chambers and valves using a two-stage intake deposit cleaner.

8.       They then  finally leave the remaining engine cleaner in the engine to soften hard carbon substances and reduce long-term build-up in catalytic converter.

Boosting Fuel Economy For Little to No Money

There are various ways that one can enhance the car`s fuel economy with the minimal budget as well as be at the forefront in promoting the recent climate concerns. Performing regular maintenance on the car is crucial in ensuring the vehicle consumes the fuel efficiently and as expected. Below are helpful tips and products that will help you in using every last drop of your vehicles fuel efficiently and they include:
 
1. Proper and regular check on the tire inflation
under-inflated vehicles have a tendency to burn more fuel due to the rise in rolling resistance of the tires. Additionally, during the winter period, tire pressure tends to decrease due to thermal contraction of the air. By properly inflating the vehicle`s tire, all these circumstances will be kept at bay, and these will greatly enhance the fuel consumption on the car. It is recommended that tire pressure be checked on either weekly or monthly basis.
 
2. Regular check and replacement of the engine air filter
A dirty filter will unnecessarily make the vehicle consume more fuel and sometimes stall the car engine when idling. It is recommended that the air filter is regularly replaced  as suggested in the owner`s manual or more often especially when driving on dusty roads.
 
3. Always check the engine light
When the engine light is on, it indicates that either the oxygen sensors, evaporative emissions control systems or engine emissions systems in fuel-injected cars have a problem and requires to be fixed. A damaged oxygen sensor can increase the fuel consumption by over 20 percent. It is, therefore, important to seek professional technician when the engine light is on. 
 
4. Always keep the vehicle well-tuned
Simple maintenance such as spark plug and wire replacements and oil changes greatly enhances the fuel economy as well as minimizing emissions. The wear out of spark plug is mainly due to erode away of conductive elements forcing ignition coils to overwork so as to produce a hotter spark which causes the usage of more fuel. Additionally, replacing lubricant oil eases the movement of the components which also helps in economical fuel consumption.
 
Be weight-conscious: by making the vehicle 100 pound lighter, you increase the fuel economy by 2 percent. Make sure that you only carry the items that you need and also choose to put bulky items inside a car instead of putting them on a roof rack so as to reduce the drag which is mainly caused by atmospheric conditions such as wind resistance. 
 
5. Avoid traffic
If necessary, avoid the routes with heavy traffic because stopping, restarting or idling leads to wastage of more fuel. Turning on the radio or using smartphones alerts is a good way of avoiding traffic and it can greatly save you on unnecessary fuel costs.
Monitor the fuel economy: keeping track on how your vehicle consumes fuel after several mileages will greatly help you know when your vehicle is in good condition or when proper maintenance is required. It is the easiest way of observing your fuel economy by and will also help you know the speed at which your vehicle is most economical.
The above tips will greatly boost your fuel economy as well as keep your vehicle in good shape.     
 
todays newest semi trucks have drastically improved their fuel consumption overall

Top 5 Ways To Work On Your Car WITHOUT Having A Lift System

this is where you work on a car or truck

We have different types of car lifting systems. They are elbow car jacks, jack car ramps, floor jacks and jack stands. Jack stands do not lift vehicles; they provide a safe, fixed support for a raised vehicle. It decreases the chances of getting squashed underneath a falling car. Hands down the best car ramps to really look into are:

1)     Rhino ramps have a 17-degree ramp angle and will lift a vehicle 6.5” off the ground. Made of a rubber pad that prevents slippage)

2)    Race ramps (known to be extremely strong, light weight. Made of solid, high density expanded polystyrene foam and sprayed with hybrid [polyuria coating that improves strength. Lifts the car 8” off the ground)

3)    Mini car ramp (used together with car jacks. Made of heavy duty honeycomb plastic. It is known for being less expensive. It lifts a car 2.75” off the ground)

4)    Reinforced aluminum vehicle service ramp (made of aluminum. Lifts a vehicle 9.5” off the ground. Consists of 2 separate stands 24 long by 16” wide and removable ramps that are 73.75” long.)

5)    Aluminum truck service ramp (used for heavy tractors. Weighs 64 pounds. It will lift a truck 10.5” off the ground)

Floor jacks are designed for minor roadside emergencies. All these are good car lifting systems, but one can adopt other alternative methods to lift a vehicle without using a lift system. One of the ways is by raising the ride height i.e. using bigger tires. In addition to getting the ease of access to the under of a vehicle, it increases comfort. It costs an average of $ 100 to $3,000. Another cheaper way of raising your vehicle is by using car lift blocks. They are made of many materials. The driver drives onto the block and voila. Another cheap way is by digging a hole on the ground. One that`s just enough to go under and do the repairs. Another option is the HAMER (Hand Actuated Manually Elevating Ramp) lifting system. This means using pulleys, hydraulics, and no running costs. It is presumably cheaper than the other lift systems. The other method is using extended height lifting platform. It is very efficient since one can stand while fixing your vehicle.

Most Fuel Efficient Vehicles To Get Today

Fuel efficient car that isn't quite in production
Fuel economy is the major consideration among many car buyers and manufacturers in the automobile industry today even at low fuel prices which do not stay that way forever. Different car makers are specializing in manufacturing fuel economical vehicles that are preferred by many car owners and the demand for such cars is always on the rise. The most fuel efficient vehicles that are on the market today include:
 
1.    Toyota Prius
The Toyota Prius is an extremely economical vehicle that is further enhanced by its great overall mpg (miles per gallon) and its compact size. In numerical terms, Prius scores 4.9L/100km on the highway and 4.6L/100km around the city.
 
2.    Fiat 500
This is an iconic vehicle with modern European flare as well as fuel efficient capability that makes it an excellent choice especially when driving around the city. Fiat 500 has a 5-speed manual make and an agile handling that makes it comfortable and convenient when driving. It has a score of 5.9L/100km on the highway and 7.6L/100km around the city.
 
3.    Mitsubishi Mirage
The vehicle has excellent fuel efficiency and is also one of the lightest cars you can get on the market today weighing only 895kg. Mitsubishi Mirage also has a large rear seat capacity which provides comfort and convenience. Mitsubishi Mirage scores 4.6L/100km on the highway and 5.9L/100km in the city. 
 
4.    Ford Fiesta
The vehicle has a stable and controlled ride in addition to its convenient fuel-economical capability.
proud owner of an EV saturn sky

Ford Fiesta scores 6.5L/100km on the highway and 8.5L/100km on city driving. The car is spacious in the rear seat and that makes it comfortable and convenient for front seat drivers. 

 
5.    Lexus CT 200H
This luxurious car is also surprisingly economical in fuel consumption and scores 5.9L/100km on the highway and 5.5L/100km in the city. Additionally, the car buyers get to enjoy an extra benefit that includes a 4-year or 80000kms warranty (whichever comes first). 
 
6.    Honda Civic
The vehicle not only performs brilliantly but is also fuel-efficient by competitive standards in the automobile industry. Honda Civic scores 6.6L/100km on the highway and 8.6L/100km on city driving. The vehicle is also classy and comfortable when driving and is a great choice for many car enthusiasts.
 
7.    Chevrolet Cruze Eco
The vehicle is spacious for both passengers and cargo and also comfortable in addition to been a convenient fuel-efficient and is considered a compact car. Chevrolet Cruze Eco scores 42mpg on the highway and 28mpg on the city drive. Its standard features include a remote keyless entry, Bluetooth technology and USB connectivity, 10 airbags, power door and window locks and air conditioning.
These cars not only save you money but also make you to be on the forefront in keeping the climate change concerns at bay.         
 
On the flip side, you may also like to see todays best budget sports cars
 

Becoming A Certified Technician For 2016

instructor teaching intern
Mechanics range from various types according to their specialization. They work on automobiles, trucks and related transportation and material-moving vehicles. Some specialize in general maintenance and repairs and others on specific parts e.g. engines, tires, brakes or any other parts. While a high school diploma is a basic requirement as education for employers, it is necessary to have other qualifications. The road to becoming a mechanic generally takes two to five years. Some of the many questions one may have are: Do I need a degree, how do I become a Master automobile technician? 
 
1)    Completing GED or high school education
Potential mechanics must first obtain a high school diploma/ certificate. They must perform exemplary in math, physics and English.  In the case of Kenya, one has to obtain a KCSE (Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education) certificate in order to qualify to pursue the later course, either diploma or degree. In other countries, there are specified high schools that offer mechanical studies. 
 
2)    Completing a certificate or degree program (optional)
It is one way to get the required extra level mechanic position. It usually takes six to twelve months to complete a program. This training is necessary due to the ever increasing complexity in the field. It also provides classroom instruction and hands-on training on subjects such as; batteries and starting systems, ignition and computer systems, diesel and truck mechanism, fuel injection systems and air suspension and wheel alignment.
 
3)    Obtain National Institute for Automobile Service Excellence (ASE)
ASE is an organization that offers certification for eight specialty areas e.g. engine restoration, heating and air conditioning, brake systems, steering, manual drive train and axles, automatic transmission/ transaxles and engine performance. One is only allowed to acquire certification after completion of an automobile education program of at least one year. A master technician is supposed to pass in all eight specialty areas.
 
4)    Complete on-the-job training
In other words this is receiving employer training. It takes few months as the intern works with experts as trainee technicians, automotive helpers or lubricant workers. The basic aim is to learn to work individually and as a group. He/ she must get the basics of handling both the vehicle and customers. On average it takes 2-5 years to become a fully qualified auto service technician.
 
5)    Becoming a master mechanic
At this point the trainee has gone through the four steps and is now able to stand independently and start his/her company. He/she may choose to specialize in any category he/she wishes. He/she may specialize in certain kinds of repairs such as brakes, heat and air conditions.
 
For someone who may want the best training, here is a list of 7 popular schools worldwide
 
1.    University Technical Institute 
2.    Penn Foster Career School
3.    Ashworth College
4.    Lincoln Tech
5.    Liberty University
6.    New England Institute of Technology
7.     Brandman University
 
The cost of acquiring mechanical skills ranges according to the institution enrolls into. Take for example Durham College. The charges for year one for domestic students is $3,003 and $12,774 for international students. Compulsory ancillary costs $1,091 for domestic students and $1,796 for international students. The total for domestic students becoming $4,094 and $14,570 for international students. These charges are for 2015-2016 admission. And as I had said earlier they vary from one institution to another. All the qualifications narrow down to the willingness of the person to pursue this profession. Passion knows no boundaries. Once one has developed the passion for repairing broken equipment and helps others do so, then he/she is ready to go. The costs start from high school fees to college fees, to acquiring a license to starting one`s own company. So if you think you have a calling in that industry, take that step; the returns are rewarding.
technician interns

Top 5 Bang For The Buck Sports Cars For Middle Class Workers

ford mustang gt

A sports car can the ideal way to drive in style. Sports cars allow you to tool about town in a sporty ride that makes driving even more fun and exciting. If you have a middle-class salary, you might think that a sports car is beyond your means forever. This is not true. You may be astonished and delighted to discover that you can easily afford a great sports car. Careful research reveals that there are many possible choices in sports cars, even for those of you on a tight fiscal budget. Here are some of the best choices when looking for bang for your buck. 

The Ford Mustang 

One of the world’s most classic cars, the Ford Mustang has long been admired by car fans the world over for providing the perfect combination of speed and sporty styling. The Mustang of today is just as styiish as the Mustang of years past. Car buyers can easily find a Mustang that is right for their budget and their only love of speed and posh fun. The current model has an eight cylinder engine that can bring you to sixty mph in less than ten seconds. 

The Volkswagen GTI

This quick car is one of the classics of the genre. Car buyers today will find models on the market that have all the details they want and the speed that is just right for them. Special financing packages make it possible for those on a budget to bring this car into their lives right now. The Volkswagen is sporty and elegant with controls that make it easy to drive anywhere you like. The GTI is also noted for being one of the world’s most stylish cars. 

The Chevrolet Camaro 

Another classic car that has been noted for offering speed and style. Today’s camaro is just as fast as ever and even more powerful. Drivers will find that the car on the market today has an updated and ultra-fast engine that makes it ideal for driving. This sports car is the ideal way to get that extra bank for your middle class buck. Many options are available from the maker that make it even easier than ever to afford. Drivers can bring the car to over sixty mph from a starting start, making it a supercharged riding experience that you will cherish for years. 

The Kia Optima Turbo 

Proving that sporty doesn’t need to mean small, the Kia Optima Turbo is ideal for the car owner who wants performance and room for the entire family in the same space. The Turbo offers both in a single package that is fast and roomy at the same time. This four door sedan still manages to offer horsepower under the hood. making it easy to get power, speed and the sports car of your dreams in a single, affordable package. The turbo charged motor and six-speed automatic transmission make this one for the discening middle class worker in search of an ideal car for them. 

The Ford Focus 

The Ford Focus is a compact car with a lot going on. Those in search of a sports car with lots of bang for any buck can find it here in this model. Many fans have found the car’s features ideal for their needs. The models on the market today have that just right styling that works on any road. The Focus is one of the fastest cars on the market today, with an engine that allows the driver to quickly get up to speed from a standing start.