A vehicle`s fuel system is made up of the fuel tank, lines, pumps, and filters. A clogged fuel system can result in major damages to you vehicle like poor performance, hard starts or engine malfunction. A fuel system is a critical tool for the storage and the delivering of diesel or gasoline fuel, your engine needs to function well. To be more exact and practical, it represents a vascular system. The fuel pump representing the heart, the fuel lines the veins and the filters the kidneys.
Let us discuss each one of them.
Fuel tank – It is a holding tank for fuel. It is where the gas travels to after it has passed through the filter tube. It contains a gas gauge so that the driver can know exactly how much fuel is in the tank. Further advancements in its mechanism have been made to prevent vapors leaking into the air.
Fuel pump – The most recent cars contain theirs on the fuel tank while the older ones have theirs either attached to the engines or on the frame rail between the tank and the engine. Fuel pumps on engines use the motion of the engine to pump fuel.
Fuel filter – It ensures clean fuel reaches the engine. This is owing to the fact that carburetors and fuel injectors are easily clogged. Commonly made of a paper element but can also be a synthetic material or stainless steel.
Fuel injectors – It is a tiny electric valve that opens and closes with an electric signal. They are located towards the outer part of the intake. The fuel is then injected close to the cylinder head so that the fuel can remain atomized. This way it will burn better when fired by the spark plug.
Common problem facing vehicle fuel system – The most notorious one is the clogging of the filter. The signs of a clogged fuel filter include sputtering at high speeds, the vehicle not starting at all. The engine misfire (this happens when there is a poor mixture of air and fuel causing an incomplete combustion. This results in an immediate power loss and a noticeable sound from the engine), failing emissions tests (this is caused by the drop in fuel combustion resulting in more emissions). Also increased fuel consumption (this is caused by the ability of the engine fails to burn the fuel efficiently thus, more fuel is required to attain the required performance). Engine stutter, stumbling or hesitation (this is a case whereby the combustion inside the cylinders is impeded due to improper fuel/air mixture) and engine stalling ( caused by unequal supply of fuel during idling resulting to RPM to fall too low.
Fuel cleaning system – The fuel system being interlinked, their getting clogged at once is inevitable. The can get clogged with debris or dirt. One of the cleaning systems is the fuel injector cleaner, since this is a tiresome job that if not done well can increase the damage already made, I recommend you take it to a qualified firm, say Firestone Complete Auto Care fuel system. They give an eight-step guide to exactly what they do to your vehicle once you have brought it for fuel system cleaning.
Here’s the 8 steps:
1. They clean the fuel system by starting with the gas tank. They add premium formula to the fuel system cleaner.
2. Carburetor cleaning or fuel injector cleaning, intake valves and combustion chambers with a fuel system cleaner.
3. They then use fuel system cleaners to purge the water from the fuel system.
4. Lubricate the injectors, cylinders, valves and rings.
5. They then remove the carbon, dirt, varnish and other deposits from the throttle body and the throttle plate.
6. They then lubricate the throttle body and throttle moving parts with corrosion preventers to inhibit future deposit build up and scoring.
7. They then dissolve deposits from the engines’ intake manifold and runners, combustion chambers and valves using a two-stage intake deposit cleaner.
8. They then finally leave the remaining engine cleaner in the engine to soften hard carbon substances and reduce long-term build-up in catalytic converter.